De Svenska Historiedagarnas konferens i Tartu den 27–29 september 2002

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Invigning samt alla seminarier ägde rum på Universitetet i Tartu, Ülikooli 18

As part of its ramble around Sweden, and later on around the Baltic region, the History Days programme now reached Estonia and the ancient centre of learning, Tartu. The Swedish-Finnish cooperation during the run-up to the history days in Turku and the corresponding Swedish-Norwegian ones in Karlstad and Gothenburg had shown not only the value of a wider ranging illumination of traditional historical issues, but also the role of an interest in history in building a bridge between neighbouring countries. The choice of Tartu was not difficult to comprehend.

We have a 150-year period of shared history with Estonia, and links have been close since prehistoric times. Tartu was founded in 1030 and during the 13th century, as Dorpat, it became an episcopal see under the authority of the Teutonic Order. As a Hanseatic town, there were close links with Russia, and during the Swedish era, Dorpat developed into a centre of learning with the setting up of Sweden’s third Court of Appeal there in 1630 and, above all, the establishment in 1632 by Gustavus II Adolphus of the university – Sweden’s second.

Estonia has a dramatic history. Tartu has been laid waste by war, and in 1775, by an extensive fire. Remnants of former days include, in particular, the old cathedral church, now reverently restored as a university museum. In the 19th century, the university gained a position of eminence amongst the seats of learning in the Russian Empire and to this day, the main building, with its Empire style façade, makes a classical contribution to the cityscape. This was where we would spend our time during the history days. In front of the building stands a statue of Gustavus II Adolphus, re-erected in 1992, whilst around the Cathedral Mount lie the university buildings in a secluded and fascinating milieu that brings to mind the centuries when the city was the heart of a cultural union between east and west.

The Swedish History Days aroused considerable interest in Estonia, and the event turned out to be a memorable one in many ways.

Friday, September 27



Lunch will be served at the University Cafeteria



Welcoming words in the Aula by Dr Erik Norberg, Chairman of the History Days

Welcoming Address by Prof Dr Jaak Aaviksoo, Rector of Tartu University
The Clio Prize winner presented by Dr Erik Norberg
Music entertainment by Tartu University Choir
Opening speech by President Lennart Meri


Coffee break


Parallel seminars


Pagan cult and Christianity: the Baltic people and their early concept of Europe

Moderator: Agneta Lundström
Participants: Docent Nils Blomkvist, Prof Dr Valter Lang and Dr. Ph. Heiki Valk


The age of Axel Oxenstierna: European statesman and magnate in the Baltic area

Moderator: Erik Norberg
Participants: Dr Helmut Backhaus, Stockholm, Dr Margus Laidre, Tallinn, Prof Em Dr Aleksander Loit, Stockholm and Mr Gunnar Wetterberg, Stockholm.


The impact of the Baltic provinces on culture and philosophy in the Swedish Realm

Moderator: Anders Björnsson
Participants: Docent Anders Hammarlund, Uppsala, B A Birgit Kibal, Tartu and Prof Em Dr Helmut Piirimäe, Tartu


The Beijer scholarships I, presentation of young historians from Sweden and Estonia.

The session will be held in Swedish and English.
Moderator: Hans Albin Larsson


Reception in the Vanemuine Theatre hosted by the City of Tartu
Individual transport (Walking distance from your hotel)

Saturday, September 28

9.00 - 10.00


Plenary lecture in the Aula

The Big Flight from Estonia to Sweden 1944
Professor Carl Göran Andrae, Uppsala
Moderator: Anders Björnsson


Coffee break


Parallel seminars


Old structures vs innovations: administration, education and church in the 16th to 18th Centuries

Moderator: Prof Dr Torkel Jansson
Participants: Prof Dr Ea Jansen, Aivar Põldvee and Prof Dr Enn Tarvel


Societies in transition: consequences in education, curriculae and textbooks in history teaching and learning

Moderator: Hélène Edgren
Participants: Sirka Ahonen, Helsinki, Lecturer Hans Almgren, Arboga and Mare Oja, Tallinn


Music and poetry in 19th century politics. Building nations and national identities

Moderator: Stefan Bohman
Participants: Kristin Kuusma and Dr Sirje Olesk, Tartu


Agriculture in Estonia and the Swedish Realm

Moderator: Lars Magnusson
Participants: Prof Dr Anu Mai Köll, Docent Mats Morell, Stockholm and Dr Ülle Tarkiainen, Helsinki


Lunch will be served at the University Cafeteria


Topical subject in the Aula

"Focal point seminar" Estonia, Russia, EU and NATO
Introduced by Anders Björnsson
Moderator: Ambassador Heikki Talvitie
Participants: Mr Carl Bildt, Ambassador Jakko Blomberg,
Mr Toomas-Hendrik Ilves, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Estonia


Coffee break


Parallel seminars


White nights and black: two authors continuing the conversation they started in "Are the nightingales still singing in Dorpat?" with (G F Parrot) reflections on current politics, life-style and their countries.

The session will be held in Swedish
Moderator: Kjell Peterson
Participants: Author Jaan Kaplinski, Tartu and Author Johannes Salminen, Helsinki


The cold war relations

Moderator: Professor Bo Huldt
Participants: M A Indrek Jürjo, Tartu, Dr Lars Ericson and M A Mart Laar, Tallinn


Media and historical transformations around the Baltic Sea

Moderator: Mr Ernst Klein, Chairman of Svensk presshistorisk förening
Participants: Professor Jan Ekecrantz, Stockholm, Prof Dr Epp Lauk, Tartu and Prof Dr Marju Lauristin, Tartu.


The Beijer scholarships II, presentation of young historians from Sweden and Estonia

The session will be held in Swedish and English.
Moderator: Hans Albin Larsson


Closing dinner with entertainment at Püssirohukelder, The Gunpowder Cellar.
Individual transport (Walking distance from your hotel)

Sunday, September 29



Excursion to Narva

We get together in the hotel lobby at 08h00 for departure.
Our chaperone of the day is Prof. Em. Dr. Helmut Piirimäe Narva is Estonia's most eastern city situated only 140 km from St.Petersburg. Departure from Tartu towards Narva we will pass by the town of Alatskivi and it's castle with the deer's garden. In Kallaste we will see the Old Believers' Church and continuing towards Narva we will pass Raja and the bell tower of Rajaküla which is the old believers' monastery. Arriving in Narva we will have lunch and a tour of the city, visiting sights such as Narva Citadel (13th century). In the afternoon we will see the city of Rakvere with it's well preserved castle. The tour ends at the Airport 16h30 and the Ferry terminal at 17h00


Excursion to Pärnu

We get together in the hotel lobby at 08h30 for departure.
We will start our day by visiting Viljandi and the Viljandi Order Castle ruins and it's beautiful park with a suspensional bridge. After that we continue to Pärnu which is the summer capital of Estonia famous for it's long sandy beach, parks and lots of cultural activities. Our chaperone in Pärnu will be Mr. Aldur Vunk and he will take us around sights like the main streets Rüütli and Kuninga, St.Elisabeth's Church (1740), Russian Orthodox St.Catherine's Church (1760), Town Hall, Tallinna Väravad (Tallinn Gates). Close to the Tallinn gates is Pärnu mole (breakwater) where we will see the promenade and green Ranna park. During the day we will stop for lunch in Pärnu. The tour ends at the Airport 15h00 and the Ferry terminal at 15h30


Sightseeing Tallinn

We get together in the hotel lobby at 08h30 for departure.
When we arrive to Tallinn our tour will start by foot. First a visit in the Old Town with it's medieval citadel of Dome Hill, Dome Cathedral with valuable collection of coats of arms and tombstones. Our excursion in Tallinn will also give you the opportunity to see Alexander Nevsky Cathedral with its onion shaped domes, the fortfield town wall with the it's 25 towers from the 14th-15th centuries. Furthermore we stop at the medieval guild houses of the Hanseatic lower town and the Town Hall. We continue by bus to the outskirts of Tallinn to visit the Song Festival Amphitheatre, Forest Cemetery, St.Birgitta's Convent (1407), the Olympic Yachting Centre and Kadriorg Palace and park. The tour ends at the Airport and the Ferry terminal.